# Circular segments with incrementing radii

This example was developed in response to the question
A rather difficult ring like picture to be drawn
on TeX.SE.

It makes use of the ext.misc library of the tikz-ext bundle of which it uses

• the declare constant key which is similar to the declare function key but doesn’t accepts any functions (and can be changed later on)
• the full arc key with the R postfix operator which emulates PSTricks \segments function as well as
• the use int key for \foreach which sets up a list to loop through where every element is evaluated beforehand.

The code actually draws almost the same picture.
However, in the first drawing the \foreach loop’s body is one whole TikZ path which – as demonstrated – can have different properties.

In the second drawing, the loop is actually part of the sole path (apart from the nodes) and leaves out the radial dividers.
The whole diagram is one path and can be filled/shaded as such. \documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{ext.misc}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[
declare function={bigR(\n)=smallR+.05*\n;},
declare constant={smallR=1; segments=20;},
full arc=segments]
\foreach \iN[evaluate={\endRadius=bigR(\iN+1);}, use int=0 to segments-1]
arc [radius=smallR,       end angle=\iN R, delta angle=-1R] -- cycle;
\node                                              {$\phi^2$};
\node at (north west:{sqrt 2 * bigR(segments/2)})  {$\{\Omega\}_{i=1}^n$};
\node[rotate=-.5R, right] at (-.5R: bigR segments) {$\partial \varphi$};

\tikzset{xshift=5cm, declare constant={segments=25;}, full arc=segments}
\filldraw[left color=red, right color=yellow] (right:smallR)
foreach \iN[evaluate={\endRadius=bigR(\iN+1);}, use int=0 to segments-1] {
\node                                              {$\phi^2$};
\node at (north west:{sqrt 2 * bigR(segments/2)})  {$\{\Omega\}_{i=1}^n$};
\node[rotate=-.5R, right] at (-.5R: bigR segments) {$\partial \varphi$};