Non Inertial Frame of Reference 1

Edit and compile if you like:

\documentclass[border=3pt]{standalone}

%Drawing
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{tikz-3dplot}

%Notation
\usepackage{physics}
\usepackage{bm}

%Tikz Library
\usetikzlibrary{calc, 3d}

%Newcommand

%%Right Angle
\def\rightangle[size=#1](#2,#3,#4){\draw[thick] ($(#3)!#1!(#2)$) -- ($($(#3)!#1!(#2)$)!#1!90:(#2)$) -- ($(#3)!#1!(#4)$)}

\begin{document}
%Macros
\pgfmathsetmacro{\rvec}{2.5}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\phivec}{80}

%Axis Angles
\tdplotsetmaincoords{70}{130}

%Layers
\pgfdeclarelayer{background}
\pgfdeclarelayer{foreground}

\pgfsetlayers{background, main, foreground}

\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.7, tdplot_main_coords]
\coordinate (O) at (0,0,0);

%		%Axis
%		\draw[thick, ->] (O) -- (10,0,0) node[pos=1.1] {$x$};
%		\draw[thick, ->] (O) -- (0,10,0) node[pos=1.1] {$y$};
%		\draw[thick, ->] (O) -- (0,0,10) node[pos=1.1] {$z$};

%Coordinates
\coordinate (A) at (8,2,0);
\coordinate (A') at (8,2,12);
\coordinate (C) at ($(A)!0.7!(A')$);
\tdplotsetcoord{d}{\rvec}{90}{\phivec}
\coordinate (D) at ($(d)+(C)$);
\tdplotsetcoord{d'}{3}{90}{90+\phivec}
\coordinate (D') at ($(D)+(d')$);
%
\coordinate (a) at (0,8,0);
\coordinate (a') at (0,8,12);
\coordinate (c) at ($(a)!0.7!(a')$);
\tdplotsetcoord{dd}{\rvec}{90}{0}
\coordinate (d) at ($(dd)+(c)$);
\tdplotsetcoord{ddn}{1}{90}{90}
\coordinate (dn) at ($(ddn)+(d)$);
\tdplotsetcoord{dd'}{\rvec}{90}{90}
\coordinate (d') at ($(dd')+(c)$);
\tdplotsetcoord{ddn'}{1}{90}{180}
\coordinate (dn') at ($(ddn')+(d')$);
%		%%Nodes
%		\node at (A) {A};
%		\node at (A') {A'};
%		\node at (C) {C};
%		\node at (D) {D};
%		\node at (D') {D'};
%		\node at (a) {a};
%		\node at (a') {a'};
%		\node at (c) {c};
%		\node at (d) {d};
%		\node at (dn) {dn};
%		\node at (d') {d'};
%		\node at (dn') {dn'};

%Lines
\begin{pgfonlayer}{main}
\draw[thick] (A) -- (A');
%
\draw[thick] (a) -- (a');
%%
\draw[blue, dashed] (A) -- ($(A)!0.15!(a')$);
\draw[blue] ($(A)!0.15!(a')$) -- (a');
\draw[blue, dashed] (A) -- ($(A)!0.15!(a)$);
\draw[blue] ($(A)!0.15!(a)$) -- (a);
\end{pgfonlayer}

%Vectors
\begin{pgfonlayer}{foreground}
\draw[very thick, -latex] (C) -- +(0,0,3) node[pos=0.5, left] {$\vb*{\omega}$};
\draw[-latex] (A) -- (D) node[midway, right] {$\vb{a}$};
\draw (C) -- (D) node [midway, above] {$\rho$};
\draw[-latex] (D) -- (D') node[pos=1.1, above] {$\vb*{\omega}\cross\vb{a}$};
%
\draw[very thick, -latex] (c) -- +(0,0,3) node[pos=0.5, left] {$z\,\vu{z}$};
\draw (c) -- (d) node[pos=0.4, above left] {$x\,\vu{x}$};
\draw[-latex] (d) -- (dn) node [pos=0.3, below] {$\dd\vu{x}$};
\draw[-latex] (c) -- (d') node[pos=0.4, above right] {$y\,\vu{y}$};
\draw[-latex] (d') -- (dn') node [pos=0.6, below] {$\dd\vu{y}$};
\end{pgfonlayer}

%Circles
\node[circle, fill=black, inner sep=0.8pt] at (C) {};
\node[circle, fill=black, inner sep=0.8pt] at (c) {};
%
\tdplotdrawarc[very thick, red]{(C)}{\rvec}{0}{360}{}{}
%
\tdplotdrawarc[very thick, red]{(c)}{\rvec}{0}{360}{}{}
%
\tdplotsetthetaplanecoords{\phivec}
\tdplotdrawarc[-stealth, tdplot_rotated_coords]{(A)}{2}{0}{16.7}{}{}
\node at ($(C)!0.16!(D)-(0,0,6)$) {$\theta$};

%Nodes
\node[align=center] at (11,0,11) {Inertial Frame\\of Reference};
\node[align=center] at (0,3.5,11) {Rotating Frame\\of Reference};
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}