# Circuit with capacitors

Capacitor in a circuit with a voltage:

Capacitor in series with a battery:

Polarized capacitor in series with a battery:

Polarized capacitor:

Capacitors in series:

Capacitors in parallel:

Edit and compile if you like:

% Author: Izaak Neutelings (Februari, 2020)
% http://texample.net/tikz/examples/tag/circuitikz/
% http://texample.net/tikz/examples/circuitikz/
% https://www.overleaf.com/learn/latex/CircuiTikz_package
% http://texdoc.net/texmf-dist/doc/latex/circuitikz/circuitikzmanual.pdf
% http://repositorios.cpai.unb.br/ctan/graphics/pgf/contrib/circuitikz/circuitikzmanual.pdf
\documentclass[border=3pt,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{amsmath} % for \dfrac
\usepackage{physics}
\usepackage{tikz,pgfplots}
\usepackage[siunitx]{circuitikz} %[symbols]
\usepackage{xcolor}
\tikzset{>=latex} % for LaTeX arrow head
\colorlet{Icol}{blue!50!black}
\colorlet{Ccol}{orange!90!black}
\colorlet{pluscol}{red!60!black}
\colorlet{minuscol}{blue!60!black}
\tikzstyle{thick C}=[C,thick,color=Ccol,Ccol,l=$C$]
\tikzstyle{mybattery}=[battery1,l=$\Delta V$,invert]

\begin{document}

% CAPACITOR without battery
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw (0,2) to [short,*-] (3,2) to[thick C] (3,0) to [short,-*] (0,0);
\node[below left] at (0,2) {$+$};
\node[above left] at (0,0) {$-$};
\node at (0,1) {$\Delta V$};
\end{tikzpicture}

% CAPACITOR with battery
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw (0,0) to[mybattery] (0,2) -- (3,2)
to[thick C] (3,0) -- (0,0);
\node at (-0.35,0.7) {$-$};
\node at (-0.35,1.4) {$+$};
\node at (3.3,0.65) {$-$};
\node at (3.3,1.45) {$+$};
\draw[->,Icol] (1.0,1.85) --++ (1,0)
node[midway,left=1,below,scale=0.9] {$I$};
\end{tikzpicture}

% POLARIZED CAPACITOR with battery
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw (0,0) to[mybattery] (0,2) -- (3,2)
(0,0) -- (3,0) to[polar capacitor,color=Ccol,thick,Ccol,l_=$C$] (3,2);
%to[polar capacitor,color=Ccol,thick,l=$C$,reverse] (3,0) -- (0,0);
\node at (-0.35,0.7) {$-$};
\node at (-0.35,1.4) {$+$};
\node at (3.3,0.55) {$-$};
\node at (3.3,1.45) {$+$};
%\node at (3.7,0.95) {$C$};
\draw[->,Icol] (1.0,1.85) --++ (1,0)
node[midway,left=1,below,scale=0.9] {$I$};
\end{tikzpicture}

% POLARIZED CAPACITOR with battery
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw (0,0) to[polar capacitor,color=Ccol,thick,Ccol,l_=$C$] (0,2);
\node at (0.3,0.55) {$-$};
\node at (0.3,1.45) {$+$};
\end{tikzpicture}

% CAPACITORS in series
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw (0,2) to [short,*-] (0.6,2)
to[thick C,l=$C_1$] ++(1.5,0)
to[thick C,l=$C_2$] ++(1.5,0)
to[thick C,l=$C_3$] ++(1.5,0)
%(6,2) to[C,color=Ccol,thick,l=$C_4$]
-- ++(1.5,0) node[midway,fill=white,inner sep=5,scale=1.2] {$.\,.\,.$}
-- (7,2) -- (7,0) to[short,-*] (0,0);
\node at (0,1) {$\Delta V$};
\node[below left] at (0,2) {$+$};
\node[above left] at (0,0) {$-$};
\end{tikzpicture}

% CAPACITORS in parallel
\begin{tikzpicture}
\node[fill=white,inner sep=5,scale=1.2] (ET) at (7.4,2) {$.\,.\,.$};
\node[fill=white,inner sep=5,scale=1.2] (EB) at (7.4,0) {$.\,.\,.$};
\node at (0,1) {$\Delta V$};
%\draw (0,0) to[battery1] (0,2) -- (2,2) to[C,color=Ccol,thick,l=$C_1$] (2,0) -- (0,0);
\draw (0,2) to[short,*-] (2,2) to[thick C,l=$C_1$] (2,0) to[short,-*] (0,0);
\draw (2,2) -- (4,2) to[thick C,l=$C_2$] (4,0) -- (2,0);
\draw (4,2) -- (6,2) to[thick C,l=$C_3$] (6,0) -- (4,0);
\draw (6,2) -- (ET.180);
\draw (6,0) -- (EB.180);
%\draw (6,2) -- (8,2) to[C,color=Ccol,thick,l=$C_4$] (8,0) -- (6,0);
\node at (0,1) {$\Delta V$};
\node[below left] at (0,2) {$+$};
\node[above left] at (0,0) {$-$};
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}